Dental Implants: Are They for Me?
Thomas D. Taylor, D.D.S., M.S.D., and William R. Laney,
What Are the Types of Implants?
Click on images for detailed
There are three types of implants, and they can be described
according to their shape and how they are attached to the jaw.
ENDOSSEOUS (en-doss-ee-us)-“within the bone”
These implants are usually shaped like a screw
or cylinder and are made either of metal, metal covered with
ceramic, or ceramic material. They are placed within the
jawbone. There are also blade-shaped endosseous implants.
SUBPERIOSTEAL (sub-pear-ee-oss-tee-al)-“on top of
These implants consist of a metal framework
that attaches on top of the jawbone but underneath the gum
TRANSOSTEAL (trans-oss-tee-al)-“through the bone”
These implants are either a metal pin or a
U-shaped frame that passes through the jawbone and the gum
tissue, into the mouth.
The dental specialist or
general dentist chooses the type, size, and design of dental
implant. This choice is made according to where the implant will
be placed, what kind of bone and how much bone is available, and
the design of the tooth or teeth that will be supported by the
implant(s). Your dentist will determine which type is best
suited to your needs.
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